In the Modulation series, the aim was to conceive of material form in
terms of the properties of wave-like behaviour and in doing so bring together the physical languages of optics, acoustics, geometric pattern and structural form to create complex spatial sculptures.

In this schema, the ideas of structure and pattern could be considered as examples of waveform, frequency, amplitude, rhythm, superposition and interference. The projects were generated by the conceptual overlapping of specific frequencies to produce compelling three-dimensional interference patterns.

In the modulation of form in this way, architectural elements were conceived of as intricate arrays which work as both structural entities and as oscillating fields of optical gestalt.